Magento 2:以编程方式创建客户

本文说明如何在Magento 2.x中以编程方式(通过代码)创建客户。

在此示例代码中,我将展示如何使用常规信息(例如名字,姓氏和电子邮件)保存客户。我还将展示如何保存客户地址(帐单地址和收货地址)。

我将展示Magento 2中的两种编程方式,即

–通过依赖注入
–通过对象管理器

使用依赖注入创建客户

请注意,在此示例中,我的自定义模块“ HelloWorld ”路径为:app / code / Chapagain / HelloWorld /

我有一个Add控制器文件,可以按以下方式浏览:
http://127.0.0.1/magento2/helloworld/customer/add

浏览此路径将显示一个表单,并且其作用是对Addpost控制器的。

Addpost此示例的控制器文件是:

app / code / Chapagain / HelloWorld / Customer / Addpost.php


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<?php
namespace Chapagain\HelloWorld\Controller\Customer;
 
use Magento\Framework\App\Action\Context;
use Magento\Framework\View\Result\PageFactory;
use Magento\Store\Model\StoreManagerInterface;
use Magento\Customer\Model\CustomerFactory;
use Magento\Customer\Model\AddressFactory;
use Magento\Framework\Message\ManagerInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Escaper;
use Magento\Framework\UrlFactory;
use Magento\Customer\Model\Session;
use Magento\Customer\Model\Registration;
use Magento\Framework\Data\Form\FormKey\Validator;
use Magento\Framework\App\ObjectManager;
 
class Addpost extends \Magento\Framework\App\Action\Action
{
    /**
     * @var \Magento\Store\Model\StoreManagerInterface
     */
    protected $storeManager;
 
    /**
     * @var \Magento\Customer\Model\CustomerFactory
     */
    protected $customerFactory;
 
    /**
     * @var \Magento\Customer\Model\AddressFactory
     */
    protected $addressFactory;
 
    /**
     * @var \Magento\Framework\Message\ManagerInterface
     */
    protected $messageManager;
 
    /**
     * @var \Magento\Framework\Escaper
     */
    protected $escaper;
 
    /**
     * @var \Magento\Framework\UrlFactory
     */
    protected $urlFactory;
 
    /**
     * @var \Magento\Customer\Model\Session
     */
    protected $session;
 
    /**
     * @var Magento\Framework\Data\Form\FormKey\Validator
     */
    private $formKeyValidator;
 
    /**
     * @param Context $context
     * @param StoreManagerInterface $storeManager
     * @param CustomerFactory $customerFactory
     * @param AddressFactory $addressFactory
     * @param ManagerInterface $messageManager
     * @param Escaper $escaper
     * @param UrlFactory $urlFactory
     * @param Session $session
     * @param Validator $formKeyValidator
     */
    public function __construct(
        Context $context,
        StoreManagerInterface $storeManager,
        CustomerFactory $customerFactory,
        AddressFactory $addressFactory,
        ManagerInterface $messageManager,
        Escaper $escaper,
        UrlFactory $urlFactory,
        Session $session,
        Validator $formKeyValidator = null
    )
    {
        $this->storeManager     = $storeManager;
        $this->customerFactory  = $customerFactory;
        $this->addressFactory   = $addressFactory;
        $this->messageManager   = $messageManager;
        $this->escaper          = $escaper;
        $this->urlModel         = $urlFactory->create();
        $this->session          = $session;
        $this->formKeyValidator = $formKeyValidator ?: ObjectManager::getInstance()->get(Validator::class);
        
        // messageManager can also be set via $context
        // $this->messageManager   = $context->getMessageManager();
 
        parent::__construct($context);
    }
 
    /**
     * Default customer account page
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function execute()
    {
        /** @var \Magento\Framework\Controller\Result\Redirect $resultRedirect */
        $resultRedirect = $this->resultRedirectFactory->create();
        // if ($this->session->isLoggedIn() || !$this->registration->isAllowed()) {
        //     $resultRedirect->setPath('*/*/');
        //     return $resultRedirect;
        // }
        
        // check if the form is actually posted and has the proper form key
        if (!$this->getRequest()->isPost() || !$this->formKeyValidator->validate($this->getRequest())) {
            $url = $this->urlModel->getUrl('*/*/add', ['_secure' => true]);
            $resultRedirect->setUrl($this->_redirect->error($url));
            return $resultRedirect;
        }
 
        $websiteId  = $this->storeManager->getWebsite()->getWebsiteId();
 
        $firstName = 'John';
        $lastName = 'Doe';
        $email = 'johndoe4@example.com';
        $password = 'Test1234';
 
        // instantiate customer object
        $customer = $this->customerFactory->create();
        $customer->setWebsiteId($websiteId);
        
        // check if customer is already present
        // if customer is already present, then show error message
        // else create new customer
        if ($customer->loadByEmail($email)->getId()) {
            //echo 'Customer with the email ' . $email . ' is already registered.';
            $message = __(
                'There is already an account with this email address "%1".',
                $email
            );
            // @codingStandardsIgnoreEnd
            $this->messageManager->addError($message);
        } else {
            try {
                // prepare customer data
                $customer->setEmail($email); 
                $customer->setFirstname($firstName);
                $customer->setLastname($lastName);
 
                // set null to auto-generate password
                $customer->setPassword($password); 
 
                // set the customer as confirmed
                // this is optional
                // comment out this line if you want to send confirmation email
                // to customer before finalizing his/her account creation
                $customer->setForceConfirmed(true);
                
                // save data
                $customer->save();
                
                // save customer address
                // this is optional
                // you can skip saving customer address while creating the customer
                $customerAddress = $this->addressFactory->create();                
                $customerAddress->setCustomerId($customer->getId())
                                ->setFirstname($firstName)
                                ->setLastname($lastName)
                                ->setCountryId('US')
                                ->setRegionId('12') // optional, depends upon Country, e.g. USA
                                ->setRegion('California') // optional, depends upon Country, e.g. USA
                                ->setPostcode('90232')
                                ->setCity('Culver City')
                                ->setTelephone('888-888-8888')
                                ->setFax('999')
                                ->setCompany('XYZ')
                                ->setStreet(array(
                                    '0' => 'Your Customer Address 1', // compulsory
                                    '1' => 'Your Customer Address 2' // optional
                                )) 
                                ->setIsDefaultBilling('1')
                                ->setIsDefaultShipping('1')
                                ->setSaveInAddressBook('1');
                
                try {
                    // save customer address
                    $customerAddress->save();
                } catch (Exception $e) {
                    $this->messageManager->addException($e, __('We can\'t save the customer address.'));
                }                
 
                // send welcome email to the customer
                $customer->sendNewAccountEmail();
 
                //echo 'Customer with the email ' . $email . ' is successfully created.';
 
                $this->messageManager->addSuccess(
                    __(
                        'Customer account with email %1 created successfully.',
                        $email
                    )
                );
                
                $url = $this->urlModel->getUrl('*/*/add', ['_secure' => true]);
                $resultRedirect->setUrl($this->_redirect->success($url));
                
                //$resultRedirect->setPath('*/*/');
                return $resultRedirect;
            } catch (StateException $e) {
                $url = $this->urlModel->getUrl('customer/account/forgotpassword');
                // @codingStandardsIgnoreStart
                $message = __(
                    'There is already an account with this email address. If you are sure that it is your email address, <a href="%1">click here</a> to get your password and access your account.',
                    $url
                );
                // @codingStandardsIgnoreEnd
                $this->messageManager->addError($message);
            } catch (InputException $e) {
                $this->messageManager->addError($this->escaper->escapeHtml($e->getMessage()));
                foreach ($e->getErrors() as $error) {
                    $this->messageManager->addError($this->escaper->escapeHtml($error->getMessage()));
                }
            } catch (LocalizedException $e) {
                $this->messageManager->addError($this->escaper->escapeHtml($e->getMessage()));
            } catch (\Exception $e) {
                $this->messageManager->addException($e, __('We can\'t save the customer.'));
            }
        }
 
        $this->session->setCustomerFormData($this->getRequest()->getPostValue());
        $defaultUrl = $this->urlModel->getUrl('*/*/add', ['_secure' => true]);
        $resultRedirect->setUrl($this->_redirect->error($defaultUrl));
        return $resultRedirect;
    }
}
?>

使用对象管理器创建客户

使用对象管理器的代码可以写在任何文件中,例如控制器文件,块文件,甚至模板(.phtml)文件中。但是,不建议使用对象管理器。建议使用上面显示的依赖项注入进行编码。

$objectManager =  \Magento\Framework\App\ObjectManager::getInstance();        
$appState = $objectManager->get('\Magento\Framework\App\State');
//$appState->setAreaCode('frontend'); // not needed if Area code is already set
 
$storeManager = $objectManager->get('\Magento\Store\Model\StoreManagerInterface');
$websiteId = $storeManager->getStore()->getWebsiteId();
 
$firstName = 'John';
$lastName = 'Doe';
$email = 'johndoe10@example.com';
$password = 'Test1234';
 
// instantiate customer object
$customer = $objectManager->get('\Magento\Customer\Model\CustomerFactory')->create();
$customer->setWebsiteId($websiteId);
 
// if customer is already created, show message
// else create customer
if ($customer->loadByEmail($email)->getId()) {
    echo 'Customer with email '.$email.' is already registered.';  
} else {
    try {        
        // prepare customer data
        $customer->setEmail($email); 
        $customer->setFirstname($firstName);
        $customer->setLastname($lastName);
 
        // set null to auto-generate password
        $customer->setPassword($password); 
 
        // set the customer as confirmed
        // this is optional
        // comment out this line if you want to send confirmation email
        // to customer before finalizing his/her account creation
        $customer->setForceConfirmed(true);
        
        // save data
        $customer->save();
        
        // save customer address
        // this is optional
        // you can skip saving customer address while creating the customer
        $customerAddress = $objectManager->get('\Magento\Customer\Model\AddressFactory')->create();
        $customerAddress->setCustomerId($customer->getId())
                        ->setFirstname($firstName)
                        ->setLastname($lastName)
                        ->setCountryId('US')
                        ->setRegionId('12') // optional, depends upon Country, e.g. USA
                        ->setRegion('California') // optional, depends upon Country, e.g. USA
                        ->setPostcode('90232')
                        ->setCity('Culver City')
                        ->setTelephone('888-888-8888')
                        ->setFax('999')
                        ->setCompany('XYZ')
                        ->setStreet(array(
                            '0' => 'Your Customer Address 1', // compulsory
                            '1' => 'Your Customer Address 2' // optional
                        )) 
                        ->setIsDefaultBilling('1')
                        ->setIsDefaultShipping('1')
                        ->setSaveInAddressBook('1');
        
        try {
            // save customer address
            $customerAddress->save();
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            echo 'Cannot save customer address.';
        }                
 
        // send welcome email to the customer
        $customer->sendNewAccountEmail();
 
        echo 'Customer with the email ' . $email . ' is successfully created.';
 
    } catch (Exception $e) {
        echo $e->getMessage();
    }
}

希望这可以帮助。谢谢。

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