Magento 2:获取图像的高度宽度

本文介绍如何在Magento 2中获取媒体图像的高度和宽度。

在此示例中,我们将按id或sku加载产品,然后获取并显示产品高度和宽度的小图片。

要加载产品,我们将使用Magento 2的服务层来完成此任务。Magento强烈鼓励使用服务层。

下面是我的自定义模块(Chapagain_HelloWorld)的块类。我在模块的模块类的构造函数中注入了\ Magento \ Catalog \ Model \ ProductRepository类的对象。

app / code / Chapagain / HelloWorld / Block / HelloWorld.php

<?php
namespace Chapagain\HelloWorld\Block;
class HelloWorld extends \Magento\Framework\View\Element\Template
{    
    protected $_productRepository;
        
    public function __construct(
        \Magento\Backend\Block\Template\Context $context,        
        \Magento\Catalog\Model\ProductRepository $productRepository,
        array $data = []
    )
    {
        $this->_productRepository = $productRepository;
        parent::__construct($context, $data);
    }
    
    public function getProductById($id)
    {
        return $this->_productRepository->getById($id);
    }
    
    public function getProductBySku($sku)
    {
        return $this->_productRepository->get($sku);
    }
    
    /**
     * Retrieve image width
     *
     * @return int|null
     */
    public function getImageOriginalWidth($product, $imageId, $attributes = [])
    {
        return $this->_productImageHelper->init($product, $imageId, $attributes)->getWidth();
    }
    
    /**
     * Retrieve image height
     *
     * @return int|null
     */
    public function getImageOriginalHeight($product, $imageId, $attributes = [])
    {
        return $this->_productImageHelper->init($product, $imageId, $attributes)->getHeight();
    }    
}
?>

现在,我们通过id和sku将产品加载到模板文件中。然后打印产品图像的高度和宽度。我已打印的高度和宽度product_small_image。类似地,我们可以打印的高度和宽度值product_base_imageproduct_thumbnail_image,等。

$id = YOUR_PRODUCT_ID;
$sku = 'YOUR_PRODUCT_SKU';
$_product = $block->getProductById($id);
$_product = $block->getProductBySku($sku);
echo $block->getImageWidth($product, 'product_small_image') . '<br />'; 
echo $block->getImageHeight($product, 'product_small_image') . '<br />';

可以在前端模板的视图布局xml文件中调整要在前端显示的不同媒体图像的高度和宽度。Magento 2的默认fromtend模板是LUMA。因此,该模板的视图布局xml位于中YOUR_MAGENTO_ROOT/vendor/magento/theme-frontend-luma/etc/view.xml

这是view.xml文件的示例内容,其中定义了媒体图像的高度和宽度:

<media>
    <images module="Magento_Catalog">
        <image id="bundled_product_customization_page" type="thumbnail">
            <width>140</width>
            <height>140</height>
        </image>
        <image id="cart_cross_sell_products" type="thumbnail">
            <width>200</width>
            <height>248</height>
        </image>
        <image id="cart_page_product_thumbnail" type="small_image">
            <width>165</width>
            <height>165</height>
        </image>
        <image id="category_page_grid" type="small_image">
            <width>240</width>
            <height>300</height>
        </image>
        <image id="category_page_grid-1" type="small_image">
            <width>240</width>
            <height>300</height>
        </image>
        <image id="category_page_list" type="small_image">
            <width>240</width>
            <height>300</height>
        </image>
        <image id="customer_account_my_tags_tag_view" type="small_image">
            <width>100</width>
            <height>100</height>
        </image>
        <image id="customer_account_product_review_page" type="image">
            <width>285</width>
            <height>285</height>
        </image>
        <image id="customer_shared_wishlist" type="small_image">
            <width>113</width>
            <height>113</height>
        </image>
        <image id="gift_messages_checkout_small_image" type="small_image">
            <width>75</width>
            <height>75</height>
        </image>
        <image id="gift_messages_checkout_thumbnail" type="thumbnail">
            <width>100</width>
            <height>100</height>
        </image>
        <image id="mini_cart_product_thumbnail" type="thumbnail">
            <width>75</width>
            <height>75</height>
        </image>
        <image id="new_products_content_widget_grid" type="small_image">
            <width>240</width>
            <height>300</height>
        </image>
        <image id="new_products_content_widget_list" type="small_image">
            <width>270</width>
            <height>340</height>
        </image>
        <image id="new_products_images_only_widget" type="small_image">
            <width>78</width>
            <height>78</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_base_image" type="image">
            <width>265</width>
            <height>265</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_comparison_list" type="small_image">
            <width>140</width>
            <height>140</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_page_image_large" type="image"/>
        <image id="product_page_image_medium" type="image">
            <width>700</width>
            <height>560</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_page_image_small" type="thumbnail">
            <width>88</width>
            <height>110</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_page_main_image" type="image">
            <width>700</width>
            <height>560</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_page_main_image_default" type="image">
            <width>700</width>
            <height>560</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_page_more_views" type="thumbnail">
            <width>88</width>
            <height>110</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_stock_alert_email_product_image" type="small_image">
            <width>76</width>
            <height>76</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_small_image" type="small_image">
            <width>135</width>
            <height>135</height>
        </image>
        <image id="product_thumbnail_image" type="thumbnail">
            <width>75</width>
            <height>75</height>
        </image>
        <image id="recently_compared_products_grid_content_widget" type="small_image">
            <width>240</width>
            <height>300</height>
        </image>
        <image id="recently_compared_products_images_names_widget" type="thumbnail">
            <width>75</width>
            <height>90</height>
        </image>
        <image id="recently_compared_products_images_only_widget" type="thumbnail">
            <width>76</width>
            <height>76</height>
        </image>
        <image id="recently_compared_products_list_content_widget" type="small_image">
            <width>270</width>
            <height>340</height>
        </image>
        <image id="recently_viewed_products_grid_content_widget" type="small_image">
            <width>240</width>
            <height>300</height>
        </image>
        <image id="recently_viewed_products_images_names_widget" type="small_image">
            <width>75</width>
            <height>90</height>
        </image>
        <image id="recently_viewed_products_images_only_widget" type="small_image">
            <width>76</width>
            <height>76</height>
        </image>
        <image id="recently_viewed_products_list_content_widget" type="small_image">
            <width>270</width>
            <height>340</height>
        </image>
        <image id="related_products_list" type="small_image">
            <width>152</width>
            <height>190</height>
        </image>
        <image id="review_page_product_image" type="small_image">
            <width>285</width>
            <height>285</height>
        </image>
        <image id="rss_thumbnail" type="thumbnail">
            <width>75</width>
            <height>75</height>
        </image>
        <image id="sendfriend_small_image" type="small_image">
            <width>75</width>
            <height>75</height>
        </image>
        <image id="shared_wishlist_email" type="small_image">
            <width>135</width>
            <height>135</height>
        </image>
        <image id="side_column_widget_product_thumbnail" type="thumbnail">
            <width>75</width>
            <height>90</height>
        </image>
        <image id="upsell_products_list" type="small_image">
            <width>152</width>
            <height>190</height>
        </image>
        <image id="wishlist_sidebar_block" type="thumbnail">
            <width>75</width>
            <height>90</height>
        </image>
        <image id="wishlist_small_image" type="small_image">
            <width>113</width>
            <height>113</height>
        </image>
        <image id="wishlist_thumbnail" type="small_image">
            <width>240</width>
            <height>300</height>
        </image>
    </images>
</media>

希望这可以帮助。谢谢。

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